Who is who?

The list presented here enumerates numerous authors who are either active in chronological criticism today or have done preliminary work on it in the past. Some are important historical critics of their own time, others have merely given food for thought pointing in the same direction.

The biographical notes are only intended to provide a brief overview for the classification of the corresponding author. They have not usually been verified by the author himself. Under the heading “Selected Publications”, only a few works are listed that deal with historical criticism in the narrower sense; of course, most authors have published far more books and articles than are listed here.

For a quick overview of the chronological and linguistic classification of the most important authors, the Author Timeline is suitable.

Important note: This list was compiled without soliciting the opinions of the authors listed, so inclusion in this list does not imply that the individuals named agree with the ideas presented on Chronology criticism; nor do the staff of the Chronology criticism site necessarily accept the views published by the authors named here.

< ABCD – E – FGHIJKLMNOP – Q – RST – U – VW – X – Y – Z

— A —

Nicolas Antonio 1617 Seville – 1684 Madrid [Spain]

Selected publications: 1742 (posthumous): Censura de historias fabulosas (Valencia).

Antonio was the founder of the “Spanish Library”, which is still fundamental today, and possessed 30,000 volumes himself, in addition to a truly extensive knowledge. In 1652, he had begun to doubt the authenticity of Higuera’s Cronicones, which met with strong opposition. In his Censura de historias fabulosas ( Critique of Fabulous Tales ), he then provided evidence for the correctness of his claims. Some contemporaries joined his opinion, but his main work was not printed until 90 years later on the initiative of G. Mayans y Siscar.

Joseph Aschbach 1801 – 1882 [Höchst (Frankfurt am Main), Germany] Lived in Vienna, Austria.

Selected publications:
1868: Roswitha and Conrad Celtes (2nd ed. Vienna).

Aschbach, born in Germany, studied in Heidelberg and was appointed professor in Vienna. Around 1860, with his critical method on Roswitha von Gandersheim, he created the model for further work in literary criticism, helping to clear up the jumble of Renaissance inventions. He was an outstanding Arabist and, in his time, highly honoured as a professor in Vienna, knighted by the Emperor.

The principle of his working method when sifting through source material is: only internal features can reveal a forgery, because external features such as parchment, writing, etc. can be deceptively to unrecognisably well imitated, especially when there are no means of comparison.

— B —

Robert Baldauf 1881 in Waldenburg, Switzerland – 1918 Frankfurt/M.

Selected publications:
1902: Historie und Kritik (Vol. IV C) Basel
1903: Historie und Kritik (Vol. I) Leipzig

Baldauf studied at the University of Basel around the turn of the century. He studied the chronicles of Charlemagne and found that, because of their language, they could not have been written in the 9th and 11th centuries, but clearly later (Vol. I). He applied the same linguistic research to the Roman and Greek authors and came to the conclusion (vol. IV C) that they too were all written in the Renaissance: the Roman poets use stylistic devices such as end rhyme and staff rhyme! Not only Horace, Ovid and Caesar, but also Homer, Aeschylus, Sophocles and Aristotle are, according to Baldauf, “children of one century: the 14/15th our Romans and Hellenes were the Italian humanists”.
Baldauf published these findings in two separate volumes, 1902 and 1903, which are available at libraries. His announced work on the historicity of Jesus cannot be found.
Despite assiduous research in Basel u.a. O. we could not find out anything about his person. The 1902 copy available in the University of Basel bears pencil annotations by a colleague addressed to Baldauf. Recently, Rainer Schmidt has clarified the circumstances of Baldauf’s life and brought out a sharp critique of the two books.

Jan Beaufort *1955 [Rotterdam, Netherlands] Lives in Bielefeld

Selected publications:
2020: Historical Evidence without Archaeology?

Beaufort studied philosophy, theology and history in Leiden (Netherlands) and Würzburg. In 1999, Illig’s calendar argument caught his attention because it addressed a problem that had not previously been recognized in the secondary literature on the Gregorian calendar reform. Since then, he has published several contributions in Illig’s Zeitensprünge. From 2006 to 2012, he was editor of the website fantomzeit.de together with Andreas Otte and Heribert Illig.

When Gunnar Heinsohn presented his new thesis on the chronology of the first millennium in 2011, he followed Heinsohn. Together with the architect Ewald Ernst and Heinsohn himself, he also publicly defended the thesis with contributions on the website of Anne-Marie de Grazia. He worked in the research group formed by Heinsohn and continues to lead it today after Heinsohn’s retirement.

Ben Ezra see Lacunza, Manuel.

Christian Blöss *1957 [Kiel, Germany] Lives in Berlin.

Selected publications:
1997: C-14 Crash (with Hans-Ulrich Niemitz)
2000: Ceno Crash

Blöss is a contributor to chronology criticism. See a detailed biography at Christian Blöss.
Blöss is a physicist and lives in Berlin. Since the early 1980s, he has been a severe critic of the Darwin-Haeckel theory of evolution and is concerned with planetary disasters. For years he worked with Hans-Ulrich Niemitz to criticise scientific dating methods; in his book C-14 Crash he shows that carbon dating is not trustworthy. His book Ceno-Crash sets up a new, abbreviated chronology for the geological ages of Earth’s history and erases the Darwin-Lyellian millions of years.

Nicolas Boulanger 1722-1759 [Paris]

Selected publications:
(postum1766): L’Antiquité dévoilée par ses usages (new edition Hachette, Paris 1972).

In his most important work for us, Boulanger states: ‘All memorial festivals are funeral ceremonies for the people destroyed in the catastrophe. No single meteorite or comet can be considered the cause, but the world system as a whole has changed in each case. The usual chronologies with their inflated millennia are greatly exaggerated. The revelation by a God is replaced by natural events such as the Flood, which are produced by heaven. The expected judge of the end times is a recognisable invention resulting from the experience of catastrophe.

See Heribert Illig’s review in Zeitensprünge 3/2010, pp. 554-578 (Mantis, Gräfelfing).

— C —

Julio Caro Baroja *1914 [Bera de Bidasoa, Basque Country] Lived in Madrid, died 1995.

Selected publications:
(1961): Las brujas y su mundo (Engl: The witches and their world, with a preface by W.-E. Peuckert; Stuttgart 1967).
(1991): Las Falsificaciones de la historia (en relación con la de España) (circulo de lectores, Barcelona, 218 p.) – (2° 1992, Seix Baral, Barcelona)
(1985): Interview with EmilioTemprano: Disquisiciones antropológicas (Madrid) TB, 2°; 492 p.; title illustr. by Caro Baroja.

Anthropologist and historian of world renown, awarded numerous academic honours, who wrote many works and investigations in Spanish and especially Basque religious and linguistic history, including sensational revelations of forgeries and tactics of the Inquisition in connection with the persecutions of witches. His exposure of fabricated historical documents in the 16th century, such as the lead tablets of Granada, appeared in 1991, the same year as the Illig/Niemitz push to chronologically untangle the Middle Ages.

See here: Caro Baroja: Teaching example of a forgery.

— D —

Hermann Detering *1953 [Oldenburg] – 2018

Selected publications:
1995: Der gefälschte Paulus – das Urchristentum im Zwielicht(Berlin)
2000: Die Gegner des Paulus im Galaterbrief(Berlin)
2005: Judas und das Judas-Evangelium
2011: Falsche Zeugen (Aschaffenburg)

Dr. theol. Hermann Detering was a Protestant pastor in Berlin. He learned the methods of scientific Bible criticism from the respected theologian Walter Schmithals. Detering became famous for his books critically examining the church founder Paul: he shows that all the Pauline letters are clever forgeries from the 2nd century. In his latest work, O Thou Dear Augustine (2015), he has moved the church father Augustine into the 11th century (note from Illig, see review of ZS 2015, issue 1). Detering maintained the website Radikalkritik. His motto: De omnibus dubitandum (everything is to be doubted).

See also the review of “Falsche Zeugen” by Uwe Topper. For the obituary see here.

Berta Diener, see Sir Galahad.

Arthur Drews 1865 – 1935 [Holstein, Germany] Lived in Karlsruhe, Germany.

Selected publications:
1909-19011: Die Christusmythe (Diederichs, Jena).

After Bruno Bauer, the philosopher Arthur Drews from Karlsruhe is the best-known German critic of the historical existence of Jesus. His book: “Die Christusmythe” (published in 1909) triggered fierce and emotionally charged debates that gripped all circles of the Empire. In the second volume (1911), he confronted his opponents and presented new evidence for the untenability of the assumption of a historical person as the template for the Christ.
Albert Schweitzer and many others dealt with these findings at length. They have since been regarded as the bedrock of Christian theology, although Drews is less well known in Germany today.

— F —

Emilio González Ferrín 1965 [Ciudad Real, Spain]. Lives and teaches in Seville.

Selected publications:
2009: Historia General de al-Andalus. (Almuzara, Córdoba)
2005: Die Wege des Islam (Berlin)
2004: Las Rutas del Islam en Andalucía (Sevilla, Fundación José Manuel Lara)

Full Professor of Arabic and Islamic Intellectual History at the University of Seville, Director of the Faculty of Philology. Original thinker in the succession of Ignaz Olagüe and follower of Günter Lüling, widely read and discussed in the Spanish-speaking world. See his two contributions in the Reading Room. Detailed review as a contributor here.
For a discussion of González Ferrín’s contemporary opponents, see the contribution by Topper here.

Anatoly Fomenko 1945 [Donetsk, Ukraine]. Lives in Moscow, Russia

Selected publications:
1992: Empirico-statistical Analysis (2 vols., Dordrecht).
2003: History: Fiction or Science? (Delamere Resources, Isle of Man, UK, four volumes to date) together with Gleb Nosovki and others.

Fomenko, a well-known Russian mathematician, is a professor of mathematics and statistics at the University of Moscow and a member of the Academy of Sciences. As the founder and leader of the “New Chronology”, he advocates a radical shortening of history, as many epochs and empires (e.g. the Roman Empire) were only literary duplicates of later empires. His statistical method of analysing history consists of comparing individual dates (length of reign and similar data) to prove that different dynasties coincide(see Eugen Gabowitsch: Fomenko). His critics accuse him of not being objective in his choice of data. Fomenko’s Russian books, which are primarily aimed at a lay audience, have gained a very large readership and achieved high print runs; only some of them are also available in poor and sometimes misleading English translations. Historians have rejected Fomenko’s historical works as unsuitable pseudo-science. Incidentally, even in Russia itself, as can be found in the proceedings of the History Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences from 14 June 1998.
For a critique of Fomenko’s theory, see the article by Mischa Gabowitsch and this comment by Nathan Goldwag at his own blog.

Horst Friedrich *1931 [Breslau] – 2015 near Munich, Germany.

Selected publications:
1997: Jahrhundert-Irrtum Eiszeit? (Efodon, Hohenpeißenberg)
1998: Erdkatastrophen und Menschheitsentwicklung. (Efodon, Hohenpeißenberg)
1999: Zur Notwendigkeit einer Geschichte der Geschichtsschreibung (Giordano Bruno Foundation, issue 30).

Friedrich, Dr. rer. nat. studied philosophy of science and history of science and received his doctorate in Munich in 1974 with a thesis on 17th century natural science: “Die Vorstellungen von elektrischen Effluvien bei Naturforschern des Barock-Zeitalters.” For a good four decades he has been intensively involved in numerous controversies between non-conformist researchers and scholars and the established “mainstream” school science.

The aim of his numerous publications is to influence people to view scientific doctrines and “world views” with a healthy dose of scepticism – for the sake of their fundamentally provisional and time-dependent character; he believes that an institutionalisation of academic diversity of opinion at our universities is overdue and must lead to an unimagined “knowledge explosion”.

Friedrich wrote numerous articles in ‘Efodon-Synesis’ of which he was co-editor for several years. With good contacts to the international scene of contemporary reconstruction and articles in French and English he gained general reputation. Frederick died on 25 Dec 2015. See our obituary.
An extensive tribute was written by Prof. Dr. Wilhelm Kaltenstadler.

— G —

Eugen Gabowitsch 1938 [Tartu (Dorpat), Estonia] Lived in Karlsruhe and until 2009 in Potsdam, Germany.

Selected publications:
1999: China: wie entstand die Chronologie? (in Zeitensprünge,1/99) 2000: Betonbauten der Römer, Kelten und Ägypter (in Synesis, No. 37)

Gabowitsch, PhD in natural sciences, has lived in Germany since 1980. From 1981-2003 he was head of the Mathematical Models Department at the Karlsruhe Research Centre. He worked as a translator and publisher, wrote over 100 publications in Estonian, Russian, English and German, and was particularly knowledgeable in the field of Asian history and early historical technologies.

In 1999 Gabowitsch founded the Karlsruhe History Salon and in 2002, together with Uwe Topper, the Potsdam History Salon, both with monthly meetings. His knowledge of Russian made him the most important link between the German and Russian scenes and the disseminator in Germany of the theories of Morozov, Fomenko, etc. He was also a member of the German and Russian committees. From 2000 onwards, he maintained a website containing a lively forum and a number of articles by various authors.

Eugen Gabowitsch died on 21 January 2009.

Mischa Gabowitsch 1977 [Moscow, Russia] Lives in Paris, France.

Mischa Gabowitsch, son of Eugen Gabowitsch, speaks and writes a number of languages. He earned his doctorate in 2007 in Paris at the School of Social Sciences. He works as editor-in-chief of a Russian journal in Moscow and another in St. Petersburg, is a fellow of Princeton University, USA and contributes to the online journal kultura of the University of Bremen.
He wrote his critique of Fomenko’s rewriting of history in French in 2000: Fomenko et la “nouvelle chronologie”. Translated into German by Uwe Topper: Fomenko und die russische Chronologiekritik.

Gernot Geise 1945 [Gladenbach] Lives in Hohenpeißenberg, Germany.

Selected publications:
1988: Die Irrealität des Römischen Reiches – Wer waren die Römer wirklich?
2002: Das keltische Nachrichtensystem (2nd ed. Vienna)

Geise is a technician in the graphic arts and has been editor of the journal Efodon-Synesis for more than ten years, which publishes contributions by many authors critical of chronology.

As a co-founder and board member of Efodon e.V., (European Society for Early Historical Technology and Fringe Science), Geise has done particular research on Celtic redoubts. Together with Thomas Riemer, he developed a new concept for understanding classical Roman history. He maintains his own website: www.glgeise.de.

Barthelemy Germon 1663-1712 [Orléans, France]

Selected publications:
1703: De veteribus regum francorum diplomatibus et arte secernendi vera a falsis (Paris).

Germon was a native of Orléans. He was a Jesuit and a famous opponent of Jean Mabillon, the founder of palaeography. With his work “De veteribus regum francorum diplomatibus et arte secernendi vera a falsis” (Paris 1703), he created a key to the sorting out of numerous forgeries, such as above all chronicles, charters, papal letters, council reports, etc., whereby he can partly prove the producers by name.

Alfred de Grazia 1919 [Chicago, USA] – 2014 France.

Selected publications:
1983: The Lately Tortured Earth (Metron Publ., Princeton, USA).
1984: The Burning of Troy (Princeton, N.J.).

Grazia was committed to continuing Velikovsky’s work. In good standing as a politician and academic, he tirelessly championed revolutionary ideas in the English-speaking world : the idea of quantavolution, as he christened the notion of abrupt changes in the cosmos and in man, in contrast to the prevailing principle of uniformatism (actualism), will prevail, as he predicted as early as 1984. It seemed likely to him that large periods of time assigned to natural history were likely to be fictitious.

— H —

Jean Hardouin 1646 – 1729 [Paris, France]

Selected publications:
1766: Ad censuram veterum scriptorum prolegomena (Paris).

Hardouin, an extremely learned and respected Jesuit, was in charge of the Royal French Library from 1683. There he compiled an edition of all the Council Acts of the Catholic Church since its beginnings and laid the foundations for a scientific historiography. The value of his work as a classical philologist, numismatist, archaeologist, historian and theologian was unparalleled at the time.
From 1690, Hardouin held that all the Fathers of the Church – Augustine, Isidore etc. – , all the Council Acts before the 16th century, and likewise most of the Roman writers, were forgeries, made by 13th and 14th century monks; most of the ancient coins were recent imitations; Christ and the Apostles had preached only in Latin. Although his arguments could never be refuted, after his death the Church continued to advocate the authenticity of many texts that Hardouin had convicted of being forgeries.
The “Prolegomena” were translated into English by Edwin Johnson and published by E. A Petherick in Australia in 1909. See his preface in German translation as an appendix to the article: Johnson, a radical 19th century critic of chronology.
In a small paper (from 1727) Hardouin took the view (not entirely unusual at the time) that Dante’s “Divine Comedy” was written much later than is commonly assumed, see our article Hardouin’s Doubts about the Chronology of Dante’s Divine Comedy.

Walter Haug 1954 – 2022 [Wössingen, Germany]

Selected publications:
2003: Die Entdeckung deutscher Pyramiden – ein archäologischer Reiseführer. Cernunnos Publishers (Paris).

Haug is a contributor to chronologiekritik. See a detailed biography at Walter Haug.
K. Walter Haug, teacher of art and German, active as journalist, author and speaker, has been working on archaeoastronomy, ley-lines, megalithic culture in Europe and the problem of chronology since the 1980s. Since 1990 he has been researching cairns in the Kraichgau and Zabergäu regions, as well as step pyramids in the area of the German low mountain range.

Since 2006, Haug has participated in the probing of burial chambers, in cooperation with the Geophysical Institute of the University of Karlsruhe in geoelectrical measurements, and supports private gamma ray detections at the Bärenstein Cairn of Horn/Westphalia. In the Reading Room you will find 6 contributions by Haug.

And the obituary of Haug can be found here.

Gunnar Heinsohn *1943 [Gdingen (Gdynia)] Lived in Bremen, Germany, and Gdansk, Poland. Heinsohn died on 16 Feb 2023 in Gdansk.

Selected publications:
1988: Die Sumerer gab es nicht (Eichborn Verlag)
1990: Wann lebten die Pharaonen? (with H. Illig)

Heinsohn studied philosophy, economics and sociology in Berlin; doctorate since 1973. He has taught at the University of Bremen since 1984. He was one of the first German critics of chronology and in 1982 co-founder, together with Ch. Marx, Ch. Blöss and H. Illig of the “Society for the Reconstruction of Human and Natural History” (GRMNG).

Heinsohn’s first chronology-critical book Die Sumerer gab es nicht (The Sumerians Did Not Exist, 1988) proved with conclusive, especially stratigraphic, arguments that the history of Mesopotamia and Egypt was stretched by 2000 years to support the biblical data. He later published other works on Egyptian and medieval topics, the witch-hunts, etc. He also researches the history of religion and the development of the monetary economy.

Heinsohn’s new draft chronology is in the English Reading Room;
his account of how he arrived at it is in the letter to Illig.

Polydore Hochart *1831-1916 [Bordeaux] Lived in Bordeaux, France.

Selected publications:
1884: Sénèque et la mort d’ Agrippine:étude historique / par H. Dacbert [i. e. Polydore Hochart] (E. J. Brill, Leiden and E. Lechevalier, Paris).
1885: Études sur la vie de Sénéque (Ernest Leroux, Paris) 285 p.
1888: Études d’histoire religieuse (Bordeaux) 419 pp. (and Leroux Paris 1890)
1890: De l’autenticité des annales et des histoires de Tacite (Paris) 340 pp.
1894: Nouvelles considérations au sujet des Annales et des Histoires de Tacite (Thorin et fils, Paris) 293 pp.

Polydore Hochart was born in Bordeaux in 1831 and was a teacher of French at a secondary school in Bordeaux. His exciting book on the inauthenticity of Tacitus was also printed there, the publisher being Ernest Thorin in Paris.

Hochart had already published some highly interesting, even explosive books on Seneca and the alleged persecutions of Christians under Nero. One may assume that, on account of their obvious erudition alone, these works were deliberately consigned to oblivion. Well known is his letter to the Abbé N. Anziani, published in the Annals of the University of Bordeaux in 1890. There are still uncut volumes by Hochart on the market today. Hochart also published under the pseudonym H. Dacbert.

Hochart 1890: see the partial translation and commentary by Uwe Topper here: Hochart’s Investigation of Tacitus.

Peter Hutter *1956 near Augsburg, lives in Germany.

Selected publications:
2000: „Germanische Stammväter und römisch-deutsches Kaisertum“ (OLMS).

Hutter is a well-known painter whose dissertation “Germanic Progenitors and Roman-German Emperorship” (OLMS 2000) is a masterful examination of the formation of history in the 16th century, especially the emergence of the “Germanic” genealogical table. He received his doctorate from the University of Tübingen in 1988, was an art historian in Berlin and Leipzig from 1991 to 1999, and has been a freelance artist and author since 2001. See the review of his book by Topper 2012.

— I —

Heribert Illig *1947 [Vohenstrauß, Germany] Lives in Gräfelfing (Munich), Germany.

Selected publications:
988: Die veraltete Vorzeit
1994: Hat Karl der Große je gelebt?
1999: Wer hat an der Uhr gedreht?

Illig, PhD in philology, lives as a systems analyst and editor in Gräfelfing near Munich. In 1982, together with Ch. Marx, Ch. Blöss and G. Heinsohn, he was co-founder and secretary of the Society for the Reconstruction of Human and Natural History (GRMNG). Since 1989, together with Heinsohn, he has edited the journal “Vorzeit-Frühzeit-Gegenwart” (VFG), which has been called “Zeitensprünge” (ZS) since 1995 and served as an important podium for almost all German-speaking chronology critics in the early 1990s. See some reviews here.

Thanks to numerous interviews in the media, Illig is one of the best-known German authors of chronology criticism. Since 1991 he has been arguing that 297 supernumerary years were inserted in the Middle Ages between 614 and 911 AD. Initially revolutionary, this idea now seems conservative to some authors, since it considers history before 614 and after 911 to have been correctly handed down.

Illig owns Mantis Publishing, which publishes numerous books on historical criticism; its internet address is www.mantis-verlag.de.
[See also the book review Chronology and Catastrophism]

— J —

Edwin Johnson 1842 – 1901 [England]

Selected publications:
1887: Antiqua Mater. A Study of Christian Origins (Trübner; London).
1890: The Rise of Christendom (London)
1894: The Pauline Epistles (Watts, London)
1904: The Rise of the English Culture (posthumously by Petherick; Williams and Norgate, London).

Johnson was Professor of Classics at New College, South Hampstead, England, in the 2nd half of the 19th century. He began not as a chronological critic, but by realistically examining the Scriptures in the succession of Baur and Harnack.
In 1894, the professor became emeritus and now – after publishing numerous writings with this new tenor and earning harsh criticism – brings the result of his life’s work when discussing the Pauline Epistles, and it looks revolutionary: The Christian Church originated in the Benedictine monasteries of France (Paris and Lyon) around 1500, the Catholic Church Fathers were written by incompetent monks, the New Testament came into being as a result. There are no older texts, and the content betrays the time: the beginning of printing. Martin Luther’s Reformation was the first attempt to put down the rising Catholic Church of France. Before that, there was no church.
These theses are more radical than any before (see review here) and build on Hardouin. Morosow and Fomenko knew and used Johnson’s writings. The publisher E. A. Petherick published Johnson’s English translation of Hardouin’s “Prolegomena” in Australia in 1909 and provided it with a preface (see the German translation).

Addendum: Surprisingly, his major work, edited posthumously by Petherick, “The Rise of the English Culture” has now been translated into German and made available to all: to be found here. It brings a clear summary of Johnson’s life work, as painstakingly compiled in broad strokes by myself and colleagues.

— K —.

Wilhelm Kammeier 1889 – 1959 [Hanover, Germany] Died in Arnstadt, Germany.

Selected publications:
1935: Die Fälschung der deutschen Geschichte (Leipzig; Nachdr.1980 Wobbenbüll; 11th ed. Viöl 1999).
1936-39: Die Wahrheit über die Geschichte des Mittelalters (Leipzig; facsimile reprint Wobbenbüll 1979; 3rd ed. Viöl 2003)
1956, posthumously 1981-82: Die Fälschung der Geschichte des Urchristentums (2nd ed. Viöl 2001)

Kammeier was an elementary school teacher in Hanover and began researching German history in 1923. In his first book, completed in 1926 but not published until 1935, he proved the late forgery of all medieval documents and manuscripts. In doing so, he builds on a meticulous examination of the existing copies and finds that no originals have ever been preserved, nor have direct copies of these originals ever been preserved, but always only second or third copies, which always differ in certain respects… which is probably intentional.

In addition, several dates are usually mentioned in the documents, but these can never be brought into agreement. This is also suspicious. Kammeier’s third work, which only appeared posthumously in 1982, makes it clear that the history of early Christianity cannot have happened as it is told.

Kammeier died completely impoverished in Thuringia and was hardly taken note of by scholars; he only became an important basis for historical critics in the 1990s. See the review by Uwe Topper: Kammeier and the Falsification of the Middle Ages.

— L —

Manuel Lacunza 1732-1801 [Santiago de Chile] Died in Imola, Vatican.

Selected publications:
1796: La venida del Mesias en Gloria y Magestad (Isla de León; Cádiz) [Last edition: 1969 Santiago de Chile].

Lacunza called himself (after the Hebrew theologian Abraham Ben Ezra) Juan Josafat Ben-Ezra. He was in lively correspondence with all the greats of his time and was highly respected. Even during his lifetime, he was considered an enlightened man. As a scientist, Ben-Ezra was concerned with the universe, its formation and catastrophes. He recognised the connection between biblical texts and the cosmic effects on earth, spoke of pole jumps and new creations.

His interpretations of the texts in this sense quickly spread from Chile to Russia and were taken up in educated circles as profound insights. His main work first appeared in Spain in 1796, many editions followed worldwide. Indexed by the Vatican from 1812, it was only reissued in the 20th century.

Ben Ezra can be read as a forerunner of Cuvier, Hörbiger and Velikovsky, perhaps as the founder of the modern theory of catastrophe. See also Lacunza and Lacunzism.

Jean de Launoy 1603 – 1678 [Normandy, France] Lived in Paris.

Selected publications:
1731-32: Opera omnia (5 vols. Geneva).

Launoy was a French theologian from Normandy who worked in Paris. He was called “Le dénicheur de saints” because he toppled the saints from their pillars with his harsh criticism. Together with other like-minded theologians, he purged the Baroque church, which was overloaded with falsifications, but was soon banned and his books were confiscated before they could be printed. It was not until half a century after his death that his works were published in their entirety in Geneva.

Günter Lüling 1928-2014 [Varna, Bulgaria] Lived and died in Erlangen, Germany.

Selected publications:
1974: Über den Ur-Qur’an
1981: Die Wiederentdeckung des Propheten Mohammed

Lüling was a contributor to chronologiekritik. See a detailed biography at Günter Lüling.
Lüling studied theology, sociology and Islamic studies. His long stay in Syria as director of the Goethe-Institut Aleppo and his thorough knowledge of the Arabic languages led him to the conclusion that about one third of the Koranic verses are actually early Christian songs, the basis of an Arabic prayer book that was later transformed into the Koran. The Kaaba has the outline of a Byzantine church and the Prophet Muhammad was not addressing “pagan” but Christian Arabs (hence the idols or actually holy images in the Kaaba that Muhammad destroyed) who belonged to the Greek current of early Christianity. Early Islam, on the other hand, began as a Judaeo-Christian current and was only standardised in its present form centuries later.

The author places the emergence of Islam in the 5th – 6th centuries, whereby he adheres to the conventional chronology and does not yet include the idea of shortening the chronology. However, his theses fit very well into a shorter historical picture. The researcher published these findings in 1974, but they were not taken note of by his colleagues; only since 2004 do they finally seem to be discussed in Germany.

Lüling died on 10 September 2014 in Erlangen. (see the obituary here)

See also: Lüling, an Orientalist Against the Current and The Christian Koran.

— M —

Paul C. Martin *1939 [Luckenwalde] – 3. 4. 2020.

Selected publications:
1994/95: Wie stark erhellen Münzen die ‘dark ages’ in Italien? (several articles in VFG 4/94 and 2/95)

Paul C. Martin, born in 1939, has a degree in economics, a doctorate in history and national economics and was for a time editor-in-chief of the daily newspaper “Bild” in Hamburg. His numerous books deal mainly with contemporary problems of the economy, such as “Der Kapitalismus”, “Aufwärts ohne Ende”, “Zahlmeister Deutschland”, “Die Krisenschaukel” (Munich 1997).

As a passionate coin collector, he has gained an excellent overview of the development of the monetary economy and has presented several lectures and essays on Greek, Roman and Byzantine coin development. In the circle of Zeitensprünge subscribers he has given decisive impulses. His radical insight into the manipulation and late invention of Christianity continues the line of Kammeier and opens new spaces for the reconstruction of the pagan precursors of the Christian West.
He died on 3 4 2020 at the age of 80.

Christoph Marx *1931 [Basel, Switzerland] – 2016 in Basel.

Selected publications:
1996: Der bislang letzte “große Ruck” (article in VFG 3/96).
Further publications digital (www.paf.li)

Marx, the oldest of the German-speaking time reconstructionists, has been running the Podium Akademische Freiheit (PAF) in Basel for two decades, with his own publications ranging from new editions of lost writings to doctrinal manifestos. Through his personal contact with Velikovsky and translation of his books, but also through a great deal of his own ideas, Marx has immensely promoted catastrophism in Germany.
In 1982, together with G. Heinsohn, Ch. Blöss, H. Illig and others, he founded the “Society for the Reconstruction of Human and Natural History” (GRMNG), which published regular bulletins for six years. It already contained all the basics of today’s chronology research. Still active on the scene, Marx is primarily active on the internet; almost all his publications are available digitally; see his website Podium for Academic Freedom.
Our obituary of the revolutionary can be found here.

Gregorio Mayans y Siscar [1699 Oliva – 1781 Valencia, Spain]

Mayans y Siscar, famous and respected in his day, edited in Valencia in 1742 the late work of Nicolas Antonio, the highly decorated humanist who had comprehensively debunked the fabulist historiography of the Spanish Renaissance. The work had been left unfinished in Madrid at the time of his death in 1684 and was only now beginning to have an impact. Mayans gave the book a detailed curriculum vitae of Antonio and references to Higuera’s forgeries. He also recognised the lead tablets of Granada as forgeries and denounced other machinations such as the 1667 Chronicle of Hausbertus Hispalense. His exposure of the forged Church Fathers reads like a detective novel in places.

Gert Meier [1937 Kassel – 2019 Cologne, Germany]

Selected publications:
1988: Im Anfang war das Wort
1990: Die Wirklichkeit des Mythos
1999: Die deutsche Frühzeit war ganz anders

Meier, Dr. jur., born 1937 in Kassel, studied law and political science, history and new languages in Göttingen and Toronto. He worked as a lawyer in Cologne until his retirement. Widely travelled and polyglot, he has an outstanding overview of the early historical development of European advanced civilisation, the Slavic genesis and the mysterious links between sacred sites. He has published numerous books and essays, on megalithic culture, the origin of writing and related topics. A short bibliography appears with the obituary here.

See his critical article on chronology criticism here.

Nikolay A. Morozov 1854-1946 [Yaroslavl, Russia] Lived in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Selected publications:
1912: The Revelation of John. An astronomical-historical investigation (Verlag W. Spemann, Stuttgart).

Morozov was a Russian scientist, mathematician and astronomer who took part in the revolutionary movement against the Tsar in the 1980s, was sentenced three times and spent a total of 29 years in prison in Siberia.

A highly educated autodidact, Morozov began questioning the known chronology around 1900. His seven-volume magnum opus “Christ” is today considered the foundation of Russian historical analysts. He became known in Germany through his interpretation and re-dating of the Revelation of John, which none other than Arthur Drews helped to disseminate through his introduction. Based on astronomical calculations, Morozov decided on the night of 30 Sept. to 1 Oct. of the year 395 AD as the date of origin of the Apocalypse.

Morozov’s work forms one of the foundations on which Fomenko builds. See also Morozov and the Revelation of John.

Zainab Angelika Müller *1951 [Berlin].

Selected publications:
1990: Die Quelle. Über die Zweifelhaftigkeit ‘alter’ Überlieferung (article in VFG 5/90, 15-19).

Zainab Angelika Müller studied education in Münster and Munich and worked as a production manager, editor and publisher in a women’s publishing house from 1977-80. Inspired by Immanuel Velikovsky’s theses, she was one of the founders of the Society for the Reconstruction of Human and Natural History (GRMNG e.V.) in 1982. Within this framework, she gave lectures and published in VFG/ZS and other journals. She is particularly interested in the history of religion and symbols. See also her essay Charl the Great and Harun al Raschid.
ZAM has her own website “Symbol Research”, where, in addition to her academic publications, some of her artwork can be seen.

— N —

Isaac Newton 1642-1727 [England]

Selected Publications:
1728: The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended.

The famous mathematician Isaac Newton opposed the calculations of his contemporaries such as Pétau, which form the basis of our chronology today. Although his arguments were based on the Bible and on theological considerations – which did not distinguish him from his opponents – he demanded that Greek history be shortened by 534 years and Egyptian history by 1800 years. In the end, his ideas did not find their way into our current view of history.

Hans-Ulrich Niemitz 1946 – 2010 [Berlin] Lived in Leipzig, Germany.

Selected publications:
1997: C-14 Crash (with Christian Blöss).

Niemitz was a professor of the history of technology at the University of Leipzig. He rediscovered Kammeier, was the first to point out the “gap” in the Middle Ages and introduced the concept of “phantom years” to German historical research, coining it specifically for the centuries between the outgoing migration of peoples and the beginning foundation of the first German Empire. To support his thesis, he examined technical dating methods – especially dendrochronology and C-14 – and discovered conspicuous errors in them.

Together with Christian Blöss, he published these findings in 1997: C-14 Crash. Together with Blöss and Uwe Topper, Niemitz founded the Berlin History Salon in 1994, which he directed until 2007. He has published numerous lectures and essays since 1991.

Hans-Ulrich Niemitz died on 2 November 2010. Here is an obituary.

Gleb Nosovski 1958 [Moscow].

Selected publications:
Co-author with Fomenko (see there).

Russian mathematician, specialised in probability and statistics, who together with Fomenko made astronomical recalculations of ancient, especially ancient Egyptian, stellar dates, for which he obtained dates as far back as the Renaissance period.

— O —

Ignacio Olagüe 1903-1974 [San Sebastián, Spain] Lived in France and Spain.

Selected publications:
1969: Les arabes n’ont jamais envahi l’Espagne
1974: La revolución islámica en Occidente

Olagüe, born in northern Spain, studied law in Valladolid and Madrid and became a historian in 1938. His revolutionary book “The Arabs Never Conquered Spain” was published in French in 1969 and expanded in Spanish in 1974 under the title “The Islamic Revolution in the West”; long out of print, it was only reissued in 2004. Olagüe refutes the myth of the Arab “invasion” through detailed research: without a fleet, the crossing of all of North Africa and conquest of Spain is completely impossible. Only a peaceful mission and voluntary adoption of religion can explain the spread of the Arabic language.

Olagüe shows that early ‘Islam’ in Spain was a religion of its own, different from today’s Islam, and more akin to Arianism and Christianity. Review of his book by Uwe Topper here: A New Image in Medieval Spain. On the more recent controversy surrounding Olagüe’s theses, see the review Negotiating True Science.

Andreas Otte 1967 [Enger, Germany].

Selected publications:
div. articles in Zeitensprüngen
2007: editor of the commemorative publication “Heribert Illig zum 60. Geburtstag” (Heribert Illig on his 60th birthday)

Webmaster of the pages of Heribert Illig.
Otte is a graduate computer scientist, project manager, and became aware of the topic of chronology criticism in 2000. He has been a reader of “Zeitensprünge” since the end of 2000. Important to him are logic and a clean definition of the premises, respectively a comprehensible basis of the argumentation and a clean presentation of the sources, which should be self-evident.
Otte has his own website on the electric universe: www.elektrisches-universum.de

— P —

Reinhold Pallmann 1835-“after 1894” [Spremberg, Brandenburg] Lived in Berlin.

Selected publications:
1858: De interitu imperii Romani occidentalis et de primo in Italia regno Germanorum (Halis Saxonum)
1863: Die Geschichte der Völkerwanderung von der Gothenbekehrung bis zum Tode Alarichs (Gotha, Perthes)
1866: Die Pfahlbauten und ihre Bewohner (Akadem. Buchhandl., Greifswald)
1870: Die Cimbern und Teutonen. Ein Beitrag zur altdeutschen Geschichte und zur deutschen Alterthumskunde (Berlin)
1896: Erklärung der Abkürzungen auf Münzen der neueren Zeit des Mittelalters und des Altertums sowie auf Gedenkmünzen und münzartigen Zeichen (Berlin), together with Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf Schlickeysen, still a standard work today.

Dr. Reinhold Pallmann, born in Spremberg (Brandenburg) as the son of a musician, taught first in Greifswald and later at the Königliches Wilhelm-Gymnasium in Berlin, then at the Luisenstädtisches Gymnasium (Berlin-Kreuzberg) as a professor. In the 1960s, he was the curator of the Royal University Library in Greifswald. Yet the antiquities researcher, who was quite well-known at the time, is not to be found in the encyclopaedias, unlike most of the colleagues of his time whom he criticised. Not even his date of death is known.
Pallmann also wrote texts on contemporary politics, namely a treatise for the teaching of history in secondary schools (Magdeburg 1860), on colonial policy (1886), on petroleum in the Mark Brandenburg (1882). Apart from his book on pile dwellings (reprint Leipzig 2003), his historically well-founded and very knowledgeable works were no longer published in the 20th century.
Googlebooks brings the book for free as a pdf.

Here is the review of his pile dwelling book by Uwe Topper.

— R —

Thomas Riemer *ca. 1950 [Germany]- ca. 2009 in Mannheim

Selected publications:
1987: Der europäische Luftraum in der Antike in: ‘Von heiligen Linien und heiligen Orten’ (Halver); with Lück Reinhold
1991: Die Schusterkugel in: Mysteria 88/89
1994: Der Teufel, ein ehemals ehrbarer Berufsstand

Riemer read up on extensive knowledge in the university library in Freiburg/Breisgau, where the Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology is located. He was editor of the magazine “Mysteria” before founding the Efodon Association in 1990 with Gernot Geise and others.

Riemer gave lectures, travelled to trade fairs and conducted seminars (e.g. on sensory remote viewing). He took part in the 1992 excavation in Riedhausen (Seehausen) near Murnau and developed the first project for mapping and investigating the so-called “Keltenschanzen” (square entrenchments) in Germany. During this time, supported by Kammeier, he sketched the gap in the history of the Middle Ages. In 1994 Riemer resigned from the Efodon Association and left for the Orient the following year. He died in Mannheim in about 2009.

— S —

François de Sarre *1947 [Saarbrücken, Germany] Lives in Nice, France.

Selected publications:
1987: Als das Mittelmeer trocken war
2013: Mais où est donc passé le Moyen Age ? Le récentisme(éditions Hades, Rouen).

De Sarre is a contributor to chronologiekritik, see a detailed biography at François de Sarre.
François de Sarre is a zoologist specialising in fish and vertebrate evolution. He has published numerous articles on the ichthyofauna of the Mediterranean. Since 1985, he has been working on a little-known subject: the theory of the original bipedalism of vertebrates. In 1988, he founded the Centre for the Study and Research of Primordial Bipedality (CERBI) in Nice and edited the journal Bipedia.
In the 1990s, Sarre joined the German group of chronology researchers and has since written about the catastrophes that shaped the history of the Mediterranean, drawing on zoological and geological facts. Here is his article.

Rainer Schmidt, *1952 [Gelsenkirchen], lives in Marl.

Schmidt studied philosophy, psychology, sociology and education in Düsseldorf and Marburg and holds a degree in education. After his studies, he worked for several years as an educational consultant at Ludwigstein Castle in Hesse, in close and fruitful cooperation with the archive of the German youth movement based there, and held teaching positions at the universities of Marburg and Hamburg. After training as a programmer and an interlude of several years as sales manager of a software company, he founded inn1993 a care centre for children and young people, of which he stepped down as director in 2018 after 25 years.

Not until his self-imposed retirement he was able to return to historical topics, which he had pursued rather sporadically since the late 1990s. In the spring of 2021, a German edition of Jean Hardouin’s Prolegomena to a Critique of the Ancient Writings, followed by articles on, among others. on Robert Baldauf (only German) and Isaac Newton’s chronology revision, among others.

“Parerga and Paralipomena” of his wide-ranging interests are published irregularly by Schmidt on his homepage occammeetspooh.de.

Franz Siepe 1955-2013 [Nuttlar, Sauerland – Marburg/Lahn]

Selected publications:
2002: Fragen der Marienverehrung (Mantis Verl.).

Siepe studied German, political science and philosophy in Marburg, where he later worked as a language consultant and freelance writer. He wrote for several radio programmes as well as essays and book reviews for magazines, and published books on Marian devotion and the cultural history of love. He was at several meetings of time reconstructionists in Heribert Illig’s circle and contributed several essays to his journal “Zeitensprünge” between 1998 (“Heidentum und Christentum”) and 2006 (“Wasserspeier und andere Monster”).

Siepe wrote his most important contribution together with his wife Ursula in 1998: “Wußte Ghiberti von der ‘Phantomzeit’? Observations on Renaissance Historiography” in: Zeitensprünge 10, pp. 305-319, where they show the Italian humanists’ conception of time, which estimated only 700 years (instead of the one thousand believed today) for the end of the Roman Empire. See review here.
Siepe’s congratulatory letter on Illig’s 60th birthday (2007, pp. 109-114) is laced with delicious humour and testifies to his reverence for the “trailblazer”.

Sir Galahad 1874-1948 [Vienna]

Selected Publications:
1913: Im Palast des Minos (Munich; 2nd ed., 1924).
1932: Mütter und Amazonen. Ein Umriß weiblicher Reiche

Sir Galahad is the pseudonym of Bertha Diener, daughter of a Viennese factory owner. The writer left her husband, the well-known polyhistor Friedrich Eckstein, in 1904 and travelled extensively, wrote for magazines, translated (e.g. Prentice Mulford) and wrote books. Her most famous is “Mothers and Amazons” from 1932, reprinted in 1948.

This extraordinarily rigorous cultural-historical view of human history from the female point of view has won her ardent admirers and bitter enemies; it has hardly left anyone cold. The women’s movement sometimes refers to it. Also useful for historical-analytical work is her travel book on Crete from 1924 as well as numerous essays, which are unfortunately difficult to access today.

Oswald Spengler 1880-1932 [Blankenburg, Germany] Lived in Munich.

Selected publications:
1918-22: Der Untergang des Abendlandes
1937: Aufsätze und Reden
1966: Frühzeit der Weltgeschichte (posthumous, fragment)

Spengler, philosopher and historian, lived in Munich from 1911 as a private scholar who did not shy away from commenting on current political issues. Both his world-famous two-volume magnum opus “Der Untergang des Abendlandes” (The Decline of the Occident), which appeared immediately after World War I, and his little-known estate work “Frühzeit der Weltgeschichte” (Early World History) (a collection of notes) have influenced modern historical criticism and chronological research.
Among his essays and lectures, the one on early American cultures is closest to the new theses of chronological criticism because of its idiosyncratic approaches (see review here). Spengler died in 1936, shunned by the regime of the time for his uncompromising frankness.

— T —

Jordan Tabov *1946 [Sofia] Lives in Sofia, Bulgaria.

Selected publications:
1997: The Fall of Old Bulgaria (Sofia, in Bulgarian).
2003: When were the Rus of Kiev Christianised? (Saint Peterburg, in Russian)

Tabov is a contributor to chronologiekritik. See a full biography at Jordan Tabov.
Jordan Tabov is a mathematician and a member of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. He is interested in the application of mathematics to the humanities, especially to historical research and chronology. In 1998 Tabov founded the seminar “Anachronism” in Sofia, which has met twice a month since then.

Tabov has received several prizes, including the bronze medal of the 7th International Mathematical Olympiad in Berlin (1965) and the Paul Erdos Prize of the World Federation of National Mathematics Competitions (1994). Article by Tabov here and in the English Reading Room.

Ilya U. Topper *1972 [Almería, Spain] Lives in Istanbul.

Selected publications:
1994: 300 Jahre Phantomzeit? Kritische Kommentare (article in VFG, 4/94).
1998: Apuntes sobre la era árabe en el contexto mediterráneo in: al-Andalus-Magreb. Nº 6. yearbook of the University of Cádiz.

Ilya Topper is the technical responsible of the site chronologiekritik. See a detailed biography at Ilya U. Topper.
Ilya U. Topper, who grew up in Morocco, lives as a journalist for the EFE agency in Spain and Istanbul. He has participated in the chronology debate since 1994 and specialises in Islamic history thanks to his knowledge of Arabic. He works together with Uwe Topper on problems of calendar formation.

Since 2005, Topper has been making chronology-critical theories known in Spain, mainly by setting up the website Chrono-Logic (www.CronoLogo.net).

Uwe Topper *1940 [Breslau] Lives in Berlin.

Selected publications:
1977: Das Erbe der Giganten
1998: Die ›Große Aktion‹
1999: Erfundene Geschichte
2001: Fälschungen der Geschichte
2006: Kalendersprung

Topper is co-founder of the site chronologiekritik. See a detailed biography at Uwe Topper.
Topper has lived as a freelance artist and writer in South Asia, North Africa and eventually Western Europe; he now resides in Berlin. Through ethnological research, the discovery and documentation of rock paintings and through investigations of geological formations, he arrived at a new view of catastrophic history (published in 1977), which laid the foundation for his chronology-critical findings.
As co-founder of the Berlin History Salon, Topper has been dealing with problems of chronology since 1993. He is one of the main contributors to the chronologiekritik site.

Andreas Tschurilow *1962 [Zelinograd, Astana, Kazakhstan], lived in Deggendorf, Germany; he died on 22.10.2013.

Selected publications:
Churilov was a contributor to chronologiekritik. See a detailed biography at Andreas Tschurilow.
Tschurilow was a graduate engineer (TU) and lived in Deggendorf (Bavaria). He has worked extensively on the problem of Pompeii and documented the course of a water conduit built in the 17th century under the alleged Roman villas.

See his article here and on his website tschurilow.de.

— V —

Immanuel Velikovsky 1895-1975 [Vitebsk, Russia] Lived in Princeton (USA)

Selected publications:
1950: Worlds in Collision.
1956: Earth in Upheaval.

The German chronology critic Illig aptly summarised the basic idea of this modern catastrophist in two concise sentences: “The Jewish-Russian psychoanalyst, who initially wrote in German, identified Mars and Venus as threats to our Earth. Humanity at that time could only cope psychologically with these deadly threats by repressing the catastrophes repeatedly befalling them and deifying the planets in sacrificial rituals.”
This displacement thesis is among the earliest foundations of the modern chronology revision Velikovsky’s theses still adhere to a chronology based on the Bible. (See the assessment here). His ideas were not recognised for decades; only the new translation by Christoph Marx in 1978 made Velikovsky known in Germany. See also the review: ” Velikovsky and the collective forgetting

Ulrich Voigt *1941 [Hamburg, Germany]

Selected publications:
2001: Esels Welt Mnemotechnik (Likanas, Hamburg).
2003: Das Jahr im Kopf. Kalender und Mnemotechnik (Likanas, Hamburg).

Voigt has a doctorate and is now a retired secondary school teacher from Hamburg who taught the subjects history and mathematics. He holds a world record and a national record as a memory athlete. He came to prominence as early as 1975 with a book on “David Hume and the Problem of History” (doctorate, Berlin). See also the review Voigt and the Year in the Head.

Voigt argues with the best of his knowledge in calendrical questions against the possibility of a later inserted fantom time à la Illig, as e.g. in “Zeitensprünge” issue 2005 and 2006. See review here.

— W —

Karin Wagner *1941 [Karlsruhe, Germany] Lives in Ettlingen.

Selected publications:
Dissertation on Paul Diel in progress

Karin Wagner is a contributor to the site Chronology Criticism. See a detailed biography under Karin Wagner.
Karin Wagner was a director of studies at grammar schools and director of a private technical school, subject advisor and responsible for teacher training. She has endeavoured for almost 30 years to critically reconstruct a French noble family tree with research in archives throughout Europe.

Her book review of Topper’s “Kalendersprung” (2006) can be found here.

Clark Whelton *19.. [New York, USA]

Selected publications:
2000: “Velikovsky, Fundamentalism, and the Revised Chronology”, Catastrophism.

Clark Whelton lives in New York as a political writer and has taken a lively part in the spread of Velikovsky’s ideas. Together with Milton Zysman he edited the report of the conference “Catastrophism 2000”.
Whelton shows that Velikovsky’s convictions are grounded in a fundamentalist way in the Bible, and that by “this unbending belief in the correctness of biblical chronology – however exciting his bold changes might be and however far they went – did not go far enough.” (ISIS Vol. XIV/1992)
For insight into Whelton’s views on the new thoughts of shortening the AD chronology, see our short report by Eugen Gabowitsch: “The London Trip 1998“.

Peter Winzeler *1948 [Zurich] Lives in Biel, Switzerland.

Selected publications:
1986: Zwingli als Theologe der Befreiung (Basel)
1998: “Losend dem Gotzwort!” G. W. Lochers Bedeutung für die Zwingliforschung. In: Zwingliana XXV, 1998,43-63)

Winzeler is a contributor to the site chronologiekritik. See a detailed biography at Peter Winzeler.
Dr. phil. Peter Winzeler studied theology in Zurich, turning specifically to the history of religion and the ancient Orientalist school; in Berlin he studied conventional historical-critical exegesis. Today he teaches as an honorary professor of Reformation theology at the University of Bern.
Since the 1980s, Winzeler has been a staff member of the “Society for the Reconstruction of Human and Natural History” (GRMNG) and is still one of the more important authors of the journal ‘Zeitensprünge’ (ZS) edited by H. Illig. He is averse to some radical solutions, such as those advocated by Fomenko or Christoph Marx; in contrast, he advocates a chronological revision that also keeps an eye on the cultural implications for today.

In the Reading Room you will find 7 contributions by Winzeler.

— Z —

Wolfram Zarnack *1938 [Book (Berlin)] Lives in Göttingen, Germany.

Selected publications:
1997: Hel, Jus und Apoll – Sonnen-Jahr und Feuer-Welle: Wurzeln des Christentums (Self-published, Göttingen)
1999: Das alteuropäische Heidentum als Mutter des Christentums (Efodon, Hohenpeißenberg)
2000: 300 Jahre europäischer Geschichte erfunden? In: W. Kammeier, Die Fälschung der deutschen Geschichte. 11th ed., pp. 347-434.

Prof. Dr. Dr. habil. rer. nat. Zarnack studied physics and mathematics at the Technical University of Berlin and at the University of Munich. In 1970 he received his doctorate from the University of Munich; his habilitation thesis dealt with kinematic, aerodynamic and neurophysiological-morphological studies of locust flight. From 1986 Zarnack was a professor in Göttingen, since 2003 he has been retired. His review of Kammeier (2000) deserves special attention; he also deals with the origin of Christianity and shaped chronocritical research with his etymological insights, which he disseminated in numerous lectures and writings. An appreciation of his work here in the Reading Room.
His own website zarnacks-forschungen.de is currently not accessible.